Federalism reflects the dynamic distribution of power between national and state governments.
Distribute federal money to states based on needs of people in those states
Federal money given to states with wide latitude within a certain policy area
Federal money given to states with strings attached: may only be spent on limited programs or sets of priorities
Powers shared between national and state/local levels
Powers of national and state/local governments are mixed in many areas.
Powers of national and state/local governments are strictly separated
Money or other resources offered to states that meet certain federally-set criteria
Federal revenue sharing
Federal government directly sharing some of the income from a variety of tax sources
Transfer payments (gifts) from governments, often from the federal government to state and local levels
Federal commands that state governments must follow
Federal level of government responsible for nationwide policy
Sovereign states each have their own republican system of government with separate powers
A compromise for the house of Representatives that had the population of slaves counting towards the population but for every five slaves, only three people were counted.